Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS)

Introduction

Children are the future of a nation. As per 2011 census, Haryana has around 3380721 children, constituting 13.34% of Haryana’s population, who are below the age of 6 years. In Karnal there are around 196610 childern who are below the age of 6 Years or 5.81% of Childern below age 6 years of Haryana.   A large number of them live in economic and social environment which impede the child’s physical and mental development. These conditions include poverty, poor environmental sanitation, disease, infection, inadequate access to primary health care, inappropriate child caring and feeding practices.

Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (Icds)

ICDS promotes child survival and development through an integrated approach for converging basic services for improved child care, early stimulation and learning, improved enrolment and retention, health and nutrition, and water and environmental sanitation. The Scheme aims to improve the nutritional and health status of vulnerable groups including pre-school children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

ICDS Services

Health Nutrition Early childhood care and pre-school education Convergence
  • Immunization
  • Health Check up
  • Referral Services
  • Treatment of minor illnesses
Supplementary Nutrition

  • Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers
  • Children in the Age Group of 0-6 Years

Nutrition and health education

  • Early care and stimulation for younger children under 3 years
  • Early joyful learning opportunities to children in the 3 to 6 years age group
Of other supportive services, such as safe drinking water, environmental sanitation, women’s empowerment programmes, non-formal education.

Health

Immunization

Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects children from six vaccine preventable diseases-poliomyelitis, diphtheria , pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These are major preventable causes of child mortality, disability, morbidity and related mal-nutrition. Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal mortality.

Day Of Immunization : Wednesday

Sr. No. Immunization Age Number of doses Prevention against diseases
1. BCG 0-6 weeks 1 Tuberculosis
2. D.P.T. 06 weeks
10 weeks
14 weeks
3 Diptheria,   Pertussis Tetanus.
3. O.P.V. 06 weeks
10 weeks
14 weeks
3 Polio
4. Measles 09-12 months 1 Measles
5. D.P.T. Booster 16-18 months 1 Diptheria, Pertussis Tetanus.
6. O.P.V. Booster 16-18 months 1 Polio
7. D.T. Booster 05-6 years 1 Diptheria Tetanus
8. T.T. Pregnant Mothers 2 Tetanus

Health Check up:-

Multi-Purpose Health Workers (Female) and Lady Health Visitors, Health Supervisors (Female) pay regular visits to the Anganwadi Centres, where antennal care of expecting mothers, postnatal care of nursing mothers and health needs of the children upto 6 years of age are attended to.
Medical Officers of the area also carry out health check up of children and mothers periodically.

Referral Services:-

During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention are provided referral services through ICDS.

Treatment of Minor Illnesses:-

Multipurpose Health Workers (Female)/ Health Supervisors (Female) also diagnose minor ailments and distribute simple medicines in Anganwadi Centres. Each Anganwadi Worker has a small medicine kit with basic medicines for common ailments like fever, cold, cough, diarrhoea, worms, skin and eye infections that she dispenses as and when required.

NUTRITION

This includes supplementary nutrition, growth monitoring and promotion , nutrition and health education and prophylaxis against Vitamin-A deficiency and control of nutritional anaemia.

Supplementary Nutrition

The Scheme targets the most vulnerable groups of population including children upto 6 years of age, pregnant women and nursing mothers belonging to poorest of the poor families and living in disadvantaged areas including backward rural areas, tribal areas and urban slums.

Recipients Calories Protein(grams) Rate per day per beneficiary
6 months to 6 years children 300 10-12 Rs. 6.00
Pregnant and nursing mothers 500 18-20 Rs. 7.00
Severely Malnourished Children 800 20-25 Rs.9.00

The supplementary nutrition is given for 300 days in a year except Sundays and other 14 Gazetted holidays.

Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

Pregnant women and Nursing mothers are eligible for Supplementary Nutrition. In the case of pregnant women, Supplementary Nutrition is admissible now from the day the pregnancy is discovered upto the date of delivery. The nursing mother is eligible for Supplementary Nutrition for the last six months of location. However, all pregnant women and nursing mothers are not eligible for this facility. the women belonging to the following categories are eligible for this services:

  • Those belonging to families to landless agricultural labourer and marginal farmers (those holding land not exceeding one hectare).
  • Those belonging to Schedule castes and scheduled tribes.
  • Those belonging to families which are targeted under the IRDP.
  • Those belonging to families having a totally monthly income not exceeding Rs.500/- per month.
  • The pregnant women or nursing mother, who is enlisted by the ANM or the medical officers on medical ground.

Children in the Age Group of 0-6 Years

  • Children whose weight falls below the second curve on the weight growth chart.
  • In case such weight fall below the third curve on the growth charts the child is identified as severely mal-nourished and is eligible for double ration for Supplementary Nutrition.
  • Children whose weight fall below the fourth curve on the growth charts are to be advised immediate hospitalization for nutritional therapy and rehabilitation Supplementary Nutrition.
  • Even those children whose weight falls above the fourth curve may have to be hospitalized if so advised by the medical authorities. After discharge from hospital such children also are to be counted on Supplementary Nutrition.
  • All Children attending the anganwadi for non-formal pre-school education (generally in the age group 3-6 years should be given supplementary nutrition.
  • Children belonging to families identifies, as IRD target families under the IRDP should be enlisted for Supplementary Nutrition. Special efforts should be made to provide them nutritional services:
  • At the time of distribution of Supplementary Nutrition at the anganwadi, there may be some children who are not identified for supplementary nutrition on account of their nutritional status or non-participation in the non-formal pre-school education. It is difficult to deny them feeding when they are physically present and hence they should also be provided with Supplementary Nutrition effort should, however, be made to adequate the community about supplementary nutrition for these children only as are identified as per criteria indicated above.

Nutrition and Health Education

Nutrition and Health Education is a key element of capacity building of women in the age group of 15-45 years so that, they can look after their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as that of their children and families. NHED comprises basic health, nutrition and development information related to child care and development infant feeding practices, utilization of health services, family planning and environmental sanitation. Anganwadi Workers use fix days of immunization, mothers meeting, growth monitoring days, home visits, local festivals/gatherings, days/ weeks like National Nutrition Week and Breast Feeding Week , health and developmental education.

Early Childhood Care and Non-Formal Pre-School Education

The early childhood pre-school programme aims at providing a learning environment for promotion of social, emotional, cognitive, physical and aesthetic development of the child. Non-formal Pre-school education is provided to 3-6 years children in play way methods for preparing them for formal/ primary schooling.

Focal Point for Delivery of ICDS services – Anganwadi

The programme provides an integrated approach for converging basic services through community-based Anganwadi Workers and helpers, supportive community structures/women’s group -through the Anganwadi Centre, the health system and in the community. Besides this, the AW is a meeting ground where women’s/mother’s group can come together, with other frontline workers, to promote awareness and joint action for child development and women’s empowerment.

To monitoring the progress of the scheme, the department has fixed the target as per AWCs or population. At 400-800 of population there is 1 AWC and at per 150-400 there is 1 Mini AWC has been Sanctioned in the rural area. The total number of sanctioned Anganwadi Centres in Karnal district has 1479 including 25 Mini AWCs .The details of sanctioned Anganwadi Centers and Mini Anganwadi Centres is as under:

Sr. No.Name of DistrictName of the ICDS ProjectNature of Project (Rural/Urban)Total No. of AWCsTotal No. of Mini AWCs

1. Karnal Karnal R R 212 0
2. Karnal U U 153 0
3. Nissing R 214 6
4. Nilokheri R 203 3
5. Gharaunda R 237 0
6. Assandh R 245 7
7. Indri R 215 9
  Total 1479 25

Awards for Rural Adolescent Girls

In order to encourage rural girls for pursuing higher education, an award is proposed for top 3 girls from each block , who   will be given an award of Rs.8000/-, Rs.6000/- and Rs.4000/- for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd positions respectively and who have passed their matriculation  and , an award is proposed for top 3 girls from each block , who   will be given an award of Rs.12000/-, Rs.10000/- and Rs.8000/- for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd positions respectively and who have passed their 10+2  examination conducted by Haryana State Education Board from schools in rural areas.

BEST MOTHER AWARD

To encourage mothers for proper rearing of their children, especially the girl child and with a view to improve their nutritional status as well as bring about the  physical, mental, social, intellectual and psychological development of their children  to the optimum levels, it is proposed to give recognition to such mothers who are already doing so.

Best Mothers who fulfill the eligibility criteria will be chosen on the basis of interview conducted at circle and block levels.  For each circle and block, 3 best mothers having at least one girl child will be selected for 1st, 2nd and 3rd prizes who will be given prizes of Rs. 2000/-, Rs. 1200/- and Rs. 800/- respectively at block level and Rs.4000/-, Rs. 3000/- and Rs. 2000/- respectively at circle level.  Best mother Award function will be organized at each circle and block level.

Sports Meet for Women

Sports not only helps in physical and emotional development of an individual but also provides opportunities to unwind and relax. Therefore, Annual Sports Meet held at Block & distt. level during the month of  January/February every year.

The purpose of the scheme is two folds: firstly  to mobilize women in large number  and secondly to create awareness among them on women & child related issues through Sports meet.

The proposed Six races for the meet are

For gilrs/women above 30 Years For gilrs/women upto 30 Years
Cycle race 100 mtr. raxe
Potato Race 300 mtr. race
Chatty Race (Matka Race) 400 mtr. race

Anganwadi Worker will prepare list of all interested participants and hand over to the supervisors.  Supervisors will submit the compiled list event/race wise to CDPO by 31st December positively. For each event prizes of Rs. 2100/-,Rs. 1100/- and Rs. 750/- will be given to the Ist, IInd and IIIrd person at block level & Rs. 4100/-,Rs. 3100/- and Rs. 2100/- will be given to the Ist, IInd and IIIrd person respectively at district level.

Apki Beti Hamari Beti

The Aapki Beti Hamari Beti Scheme shall be implemented in both rural and urban areas of the state, covering 1st girl child born in the families belonging to Schedule Caste, and Below Poverty Line (BPL) and, 2nd /Twin/multiple girls born on or after 22nd January, 2015 in any family in the State of Haryana satisfying the eligibility criteria. The LADLI schemeis merged into Aapki Beti Hamari Beti Scheme and 2nd /Twin/multiple girls born on or after 22nd January, 2015 in any family in the State of Haryana satisfying the eligibility criteria of scheme, will be paid benefit as per the rules of erstwhile LADLI Scheme

Under PMMVY, a cash incentive of Rs. 5000/- would be provided directly in the account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers(PW&LM) for first living child of the family subject to their fulfilling specific conditions relating to Maternal and Child Health.

Cash benefit of Rs. 5000/- given in three installments at the following stages as specified in the table given below:


Conditionality and Installments
Installment Conditions Amount
First Installment Early Registration of pregnancy 1,000/-
Second Installment Received at least one ANC (can be claimed after 6 months of pregnancy) 2,000/-
Third Installment I.Child Birth is registered
II.Child has received first cycle of BCG, OPV,DPT and Hepatitis-B or its equivalent/substitute
2,000/-

One Stop Center (Sakhi), Karnal

One Stop Centres (OSC) are intended to support women affected by violence, in private and public spaces, within the family, community and at the workplace. Women facing physical, sexual, emotional, psychological and economic abuse, irrespective of age, class, caste, education status, marital status, race and culture will be facilitated with support and redressal. Aggrieved women facing any kind of violence due to attempted sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, trafficking, honour related crimes, acid attacks or witch-hunting who have reached out or been referred to the OSC will be provided with specialized services.

The objectives of the Scheme are

  • To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces under one roof.
  • To facilitate immediate, emergency and non-emergency access to a range of services including medical, legal, psychological and counselling support under one roof to fight against any forms of violence against women.
  • The OSC will provide temporary shelter facility to aggrieved women. Women affected by violence along with their children (girls of all ages and boys up till 8 years of age) can avail temporary shelter at the OSC for a maximum period of 5 days.One Stop Center (Sakhi), Karnal, has reached 715 cases from the year 2015 to 05.03.2018. Including cases related to crimes including 231 domestic violence, 57 missing, 7 trafficking, 8 rape, 14 child abuse / POCSO, 5 child marriage, 2 dowry harassment, 1 cyber crime, 2 kidnapping, 222 others and 165 children.

715 (Victim-550, Childrens-165) case registered in One Stop Centre, Karnal from 31 August 2015 to 05.03.2018

Sr. No. Particulars Victim
1 Domestic Violence 231
2 Run Away/Any other 222
3 Child Abuse, Child begging, Pocso 14
4 Kidnapping 2
5 Missing 57
6 Rape Case 8
7 Women Trafficking 7
8 Child Marriage 5
9 Cyber Crime 1
10 Dowry Harassment 2
11 Sexual Harrassment 1
Total 550

Children’s:

Sr. No. Particular Children
1 Children’s 165

Case Received in One Stop Centre through:

Sr No. Particulars Victim
1 Other District 56
2 Other State 52
Total 108